EXPLORING EU STUDENTS’ BELIEFS AND EXPOSURE TO SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND SEXUAL ASSAULT

Authors

  • Andreas Ahrens Hochschule Wismar University of Applied Sciences Technology Business and Design
  • Jelena Zascerinska Hochschule Wismar University of Applied Sciences Technology Business and Design
  • Mihails Zascerinskis Centre for Education and Innovation Research
  • Anastasija Bikova Centre for Education and Innovation Research

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2023vol1.7115

Keywords:

employment, European Union countries, mean, ranking, sexual assault, sexual harassment, students

Abstract

Sexual harassment and assault are the factors that decrease youth quality employment. The research aim is to explore students’ beliefs and exposure to sexual harassment and sexual assault in selected countries of the European Union underpinning the elaboration of implications for higher education. Theoretical analysis and modelling were used. The exploratory study was implemented to investigate the relationship between students’ self-assessment of their beliefs and levels of exposure in relation to sexual harassment and sexual assault in the selected countries of the European Union. The theoretical analysis resulted in the establishment of the inter-connections between sexual harassment and sexual assault, on the one side, and students’ employment and work/job, health as well as non-direct economic impact, on the other side. The exploratory study revealed that the level of students’ belief is higher if compared to the level of exposure to sexual harassment and assault. Students most believe that people physical appearance, race and being young impact sexual harassment and sexual assault. Exposure to sexual harassment and sexual assault coincide in relation witnessed sexual harassment and sexual witnessed assault as well as their ranking. Implications for higher education refer to teaching staff in higher education. Further research directions were proposed.

 

Author Biographies

  • Andreas Ahrens, Hochschule Wismar University of Applied Sciences Technology Business and Design
    Professor at Faculty of Engineering
  • Jelena Zascerinska, Hochschule Wismar University of Applied Sciences Technology Business and Design
    Jeļena Zaščerinska received the diploma in Russian Philology in 1994 from the Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia, Master Degree in English Philology in 2002 from the University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia. In 2011 she was awarded Dr. paed. Degree for her promotion thesis “Development of Students’ Communicative Competence in English studies for Academic Purposes” focused on the evaluation of efficiency of the process of the development of students’ communicative competence within English for Academic Purposes studies. In January 2012 she became a leading researcher at the Centre for Education and Innovation Research, Riga, Latvia. In 2012 Jeļena Zaščerinska was bestowed expert rights by the Latvian Council of Science, Riga, Latvia and by Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency, Brussels, Belgium. In 2012 Jeļena Zaščerinska was awarded a research grant for young scientists from the German Academic Exchange Service (Deutscher Academischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD) for the research project “Latvia’s Perspective in the Tempus Project ECDEAST: A Model-Driven Comparative Analysis of Engineering Curricula” implemented at Hochschule Wismar, University of Applied Sciences, Technology, Business and Design, Wismar, Germany, duration: 1 June – 30 November 2012. In 2012 Jeļena Zaščerinska was awarded a research grant for post-doctoral researchers from the „Triple I - Integration, Interaction and Institutions” of the ERASMUS MUNDUS Action 2-Strand 1 of the European Community Mobility Programme for the research project “English for Academic Purposes Studies: A Model Driven Comparative Analysis via Mixed Method Approach in Latvia and Russia” implemented at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russia, duration: December 1, 2012 – September 30, 2013. In 2013 Jeļena Zaščerinska was awarded a research grant for research stays for university academics and scientists from the German Academic Exchange Service (Deutscher Academischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD) for the research project “Educating the Engineer 2013: Advance 21st Century Innovation in Engineering Curriculum” implemented at Hochschule Wismar, University of Applied Sciences, Technology, Business and Design, Wismar, Germany, duration: 1-31 January 2014. The major results of joint research activities were reflected in a number of publications and international conferences. In December 2013 Jeļena Zaščerinska was bestowed expert rights by Horizon 2020 – the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, the European Commission, Brussels, Belgium. In June 2013 she was appointed as the Editorial Board Member and Reviewer, International Journal of Modern Education Forum (IJMEF). Dr. Jeļena Zaščerinska is a member of the international research team which carried out an extensive research on integration of the results of interdisciplinary research into higher education and presented the research results in a number of joint publications. Her main field of research interest comprises cognitive linguistics, linguistic semantics and pragmatics, entrepreneurship education, teacher education as well as interdisciplinary (linguistic and engineering) research.
  • Mihails Zascerinskis, Centre for Education and Innovation Research
    BA student
  • Anastasija Bikova, Centre for Education and Innovation Research
    BA student

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Published

2023-07-03