• Guanhua Bi Vytautas Magnus University (LT)



music education, self-efficacy


Scientific literature shows that cultivating self-efficacy is conducive to learner in-depth study of music, independent choices and perseverance in the field of music. However, most current research studies focus on self-efficacy in primary and secondary education, whereas the self-efficacy of prospective music teachers has been scarcely investigated. Considering the importance of self-efficacy in music activities of prospective music teachers, a study on the particularity of prospective music teachers’ self-efficacy has been initiated: the literature analysis method has been used, and a large number of literature sources related to self-efficacy and music education have been analysed. The following problem question is formulated: what is the particularity of self-efficacy in music education? The aim of this research is to analyse the concept of self-efficacy in music education. Research results show that self-efficacy determines the judgment of prospective music teachers on their learning, performance, and teaching abilities. Factors that affect the self-efficacy of prospective music teachers include mastery of experiences, vicarious experience, social persuasion, and emotional and psychological states.



Download data is not yet available.


Alger, C. L. (2009). Secondary teachers’ conceptual metaphors of teaching and learning: changes over the career span. Teaching and Teacher Education, 25, 743-751.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191-215.

Bandura, A. (1978). The self-system in reciprocal determinism. American Psychologist, 33(4), 344-358.

Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 4, 71-81.

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 1-26.

Bandura, A. (2002). Social cognitive theory in cultural context. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 51, 269-290.

Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.). Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents, 5, 307-337.

Battersby, S. L., & Cave, A. (2014). Pre-service Classroom Teachers’ Preconceived Attitudes, Confidence Beliefs, and Self-Efficacy Toward Integrating Music in the Elementary Curriculum. Application Research in Music Education, 32, 52-59.

Berry, J. M., & West, R. L. (1993). Cognitive self-efficacy in relation to personal mastery and goal setting across the lifespan. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 16, 351-379.

Biasutti, M., & Concina, E. (2018). The effective music teacher: The influence of personal, social, and cognitive dimensions on music teacher self-efficacy. Musicae Scientiae, 22, 264-279.

Brouwers, A., & Tomic, W. (2000). A longitudinal study of teacher burnout and perceived self-efficacy in classroom management. Teaching and Teacher Education, 16, 239-253.

Cao, L., & He, G. (2002). Music Learning and Teaching Psychology. Chinese Music Education, Shanghai music press, 10.

Caprara, G. V., & Barbaranelli, C., & Borgogni, L., & Steca, P. (2003). Efficacy beliefs as determinants of teachers’ job satisfaction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(4), 821-832.

Chen, L. (2009). Measurement of Self-efficacy for Music Students. Capital Normal University.

Costa-Giomi, E. (1999). The Effects of Three Years of Piano Instruction on Children's Cognitive Development. Journal of Research in Music Education, 47, 198-212.

Coffman, D. (2002). Music and quality of life in older adults. Psychomusicology: A Journal of Research in Music Cognition, 18(1-2), 76-88.

Crawford, R. (2017). Rethinking teaching and learning pedagogy for education in the twenty-first century: Blended learning in music education. Music Education Research, 19, 195-213.

Edwards, K. J., Hershberger, P. J., Russell, R. K., & Market, R. J. (2001). Stress, negative social exchange, and health symptoms in university students. Journal of American College Health, 50(2), 75-79.

Gardner, H. (2006). Changing minds: The art and science of changing our own and other people's minds. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Garvis, S., & Pendergast, D. (2010). Middle years teachers’ past experiences of the arts: Implications for teacher education. Australian Journal of Music Education, 2, 28-40.

Girgin, D. (2017). The relationship between pre-service music teachers’ self-efficacy belief in musical instrument performance and personality traits. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 67, 107-123.

Guo, C. C. (2021). The effect and influence of music therapy on improving self-efficacy of dance students’ stage performance. Home Drama. 08, 100-101.

Hallam S., & Prince V. (2000). Research into Instrumental Music Services. London: Department for Education and Employment.

Han, Y. J., & Culp, M. (2016). Building Pre-service Elementary Classroom Teachers’ Self-Efficacy to use Music. The annual conference of the Pennsylvania Music Educators Association.

Harland, J., Kinder, K., Lord, P., Stott, A., Schagen, I., Haynes, J., Cusworth, L., White, R., & Paola, R. (2000). Arts Education in Secondary Schools: Effects and Effectiveness. Slough: NFER.

Hendricks, K. S. (2016). The sources of self-efficacy: Educational research and implications for music. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 35, 32-38.

Honicke, T., & Broadbent, J. (2016). The influence of academic self-efficacy on academic performance: A systematic review. Educational Research Review, 17, 63-84.

Johnson, C., & Hawley, S. H. (2017). Online music learning: Informal, formal, and steam contexts. International Journal on Innovations in Online Education, 1.

Krause, A. E., & Davidson, J. W., & North, A. C. (2018). Musical activity and well-being: A new quantitative measurement instrument. Music Perception, 35, 454-474.

Krause, A. E., & North, A. C., & Davidson, J. W. (2019). Using self-determination theory to examine musical participation and well-being. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 405.

Leon-Guerrero, A. (2008). Self-regulation strategies used by student musicians during music practice. Music Education Research, 10, 1.

Lockwood, P. L. (2016). The anatomy of empathy: Vicarious experience and disorders of social cognition. Behavioural Brain Research, 311, 255-266.

Lowe, G. M., Lummis. G. W., & Morris, J. E. (2017). Pre-service primary teachers’ experiences and self-efficacy to teach music: Are they ready? Issues in Educational Research, 27, 314-329.

Mohammadyari, G. (2012). Comparative study of relationship between general perceived self-efficacy and test anxiety with academic achievement of male and female students. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69, 2119-2123.

Moore, S. E. (2012). The self-efficacy beliefs of three adults returning to piano study. University of South Carolina.

Orejudo, S., Zarza-Alzugaray, F. J., Casanova, O., & McPherson, G. E. (2021). Social Support as a Facilitator of Musical Self-Efficacy. Front. Psychol, 12.

Prichard, S. (2017). A mixed-methods investigation of pre-service music teaching efficacy beliefs and commitment to music teaching. Journal of Research in Music Education, 65, 237-257.

Qin, Y. H. (2019). Strategies for Cultivating Singing Ability in Junior Middle School Music Classroom Teaching. Educational Research, 2, 3.

Regier, B. J. (2021). Examining Relationships Among Concert Band Directors’ Efficacious Sources, Self-Efficacy for Teaching Strategies, and Effective Teaching Skills. Journal of Research in Music Education, 68(4), 436-450.

Ren, Y. (2020). Cultivation of self-efficacy in music learning. The World of Music. 05, 16-19.

Sander, L. (2020). The music teacher in the mirror: Factors of music student-teacher self-efficacy. Visions of Research in Music Education, 37.

Schellenberg, E. (2006). Long-term positive associations between music lessons and IQ. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98, 457-468.

Seçkin, A., & Başbay, B. (2013). Investigation of teacher’s self-efficacy beliefs of physical education and sport teacher candidates. International Periodical for the Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic, 8(8), 253-270.

Skinner, B. F. (1971). A behavioral analysis of value judgments. The Biopsychology of Development, 543-551.

Sun, J. (2022). Exploring the Impact of Music Education on the Psychological and Academic Outcomes of Students: Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 08.

Vantieghem, W., Vermeersch, H., & Van Houtte, M. (2014). Transcending the gender dichotomy in educational gender gap research: The association between gender identity and academic self-efficacy. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 39(4), 369-378.

Vannatta-Hall, J. E. (2010). Music Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: The Impact of a Music Methods Course on Pre-service Teachers’ Perceived Confidence and Competence to Teach Music. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Vasil, M. (2019). Integrating popular music and informal music learning practices: A multiple case study of secondary school music teachers enacting change in music education. International Journal of Music Education, 37, 298-310.

Wang, X. R. (2022). Psychology Education Reform and Quality Cultivation of College Music Major From the Perspective of Entrepreneurship Education. Frontiers in psychology, 13.

Wei, Y. C. (2010). A Study on Learning Self-efficiency of Girls in the Rural Junior Middle Schools. Southwest University.

Wertheim, C., & Leyser, Y. (2002). Efficacy beliefs, background variables, and differentiated instruction of Israeli prospective teachers. Journal of Educational Research, 96(1), 54-63

Wright, R., & Kanellopoulos, P. (2010). Informal music learning, improvisation and teacher education. British Journal of Music Education, 27, 71-87.

Yang, F. (2010). The Self-efficacy of Music Teachers in Colleges and Its Training Strategies. Journal of Chengde Teachers’ College for Nationalities, 30, 100-102.

Zelenak, M. (2011). Self-Efficacy in Music Performance: Measuring the Sources Among Secondary School Music Students. University of South Florida.

Zelenak, M. (2015). Measuring sources of self-efficacy among secondary school music students. Journal of Research in Music Education, 62(4), 389-404.

Zhang, C. (2016). A study on the relationship between strong goals, academic emotions and academic self-efficacy among middle school students. East China Normal University.

Zhang, M. X., & Han, S. (2012). The influence of music on college students’ self-efficacy. Hua Zhang, 25, 126-127.

Zhu, W. N. (2020). Research on the cultivation of autonomous learning ability in primary school music teaching. International Education Forum, 2, 130.




How to Cite