RESEARCH OF SELF-ESTEEM OF YOUTH USING IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TESTS AND SELF-REPORTED PROCEDURES

Irina Plotka, Nina Blumenau, Elena Ozola, Svetlana Pogildjakova, Jelena Drozdova

Abstract


Research aim is to investigate self-esteem of young people, using Single-Category Implicit Association Tests (SC-IAT) and self-reported procedures. Research questions: Are there differences between effects of implicit self-associations: performance, social, appearance and general? What factors can describe a set of measured implicit and explicit variables, characterizing self-esteem? Are the results of implicit and explicit measurements independent from each other? What are the features of the contribution of explicit global self-esteem, state self-esteem (performance, social, appearance) and implicit self-associations (performance, social, appearance) into the implicit general self-associations? Is there the compliance of measurement results of self-esteem obtained with SC-IAT and self-reported procedures? Method: Participants – 132, age 18-30 years (M=25.4, SD=4.0). Implicit measures: Modified versions of SC-IAT: SC-IAT_1 (Performance self-associations, D(P)), SC-IAT_2 (Social self-associations, D(S)), SC-IAT_3 (Appearance self-associations, D(A)), SC-IAT_4 (General self-associations, D(SA)), developed on the basis of SC-IAT. Explicit measures: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and State Self-Esteem Scale by Heatherton and Polivy. Results: Partial correspondence of measurements’ results using IAT and self-reported procedures was found. It was found that the main contribution to the General self-associations is made by the Social self-associations, Appearance self-associations and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem. The results of implicit and explicit measurements are independent from each other.


Keywords


attitude; appearance self-esteem; global self-esteem; SC-IAT; performance self-esteem; state self-esteem; social self-esteem; self-associations

Full Text:

PDF

References


APA Concise Dictionary of Psychology. (2009). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Brown, J. D., & Marshall, M. A. (2006). The three faces of self-esteem. In M. Kernis (Ed.), Self-esteem: Issues and answers (pp. 4-9). New York: Psychology Press.

Buhrmester, M.D., Blanton, H., & Swann, W.B.J. (2011). Implicit self-esteem: Nature, measurement, and a new way forward. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100(2), 365-385.

Dijksterhuis, L.W.A., & Bongers, K.C.A. (2009). Digging for the real attitude. In R.E. Petty, R.H.Fazio, & P. Brinol (Eds.), Attitudes. Insights from the New Implicit Measures (pp.229-250). New York: Psychology Press.

Coopersmith, S. (1967). The antecedents of self-esteem. San Francisco: Freeman.

Jordan, C. H., Logel, C., Spencer, S. J., & Zanna, M. P. (2012). Discrepancies between implicit and explicit attitudes, prejudices, and self-esteem: A model of simultaneous accessibility. In B. Gawronski & F. Strack (Eds.), Cognitive Consistency: A Unifying Concept in Social Psychology (pp. 202-222). New York: Guilford Press.

Heatherton, T.F. & Wyland, C.L. (2003). Assessing self-esteem. In Lopez. J. Shane & C. R. Snyder (Eds), Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp. 219-233). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.

Heatherton, T. F. & Polivy, J. (1991). Development and validation of a scale for measuring state selfesteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 895-910.

Karpinski, A. (2004). Measuring self-esteem using the Implicit Association Test: The role of the other. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 22-34.

Karpinski, A., & Steinman, R.B. (2006). The Single Category Implicit Association Test as a measure of implicit social cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(1), 16-32.

Kernis, M. H. (1993) The role of staility and level of self-esteem in psychological functioning. In R. F. Baumeister (Ed.), Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self-regard (pp.167-182). New York^ Plenum Press.

Neiss, M.B., Sedikides, C., and Stevenson, J. (2002). Self-esteem: A behavioural genetics perspective. European Journal of Personality, 16, 1–17.

Rieger, S., Göllner, R., Trautwein, U., & Roberts, B.W. (2016). Low Self-Esteem Prospectively Predicts Depression in the Transition to Young Adulthood: A Replication of Orth, Robins, and Roberts (2008). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 110(1), e16 – e22.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000037

Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Rosenberg, M. (1979). Conceiving the self. New York: Basic Books

Rudman, L.A. (2011). Implicit measures for social and personality psychology. Rutgers University, USA: SAGE Publications.

Schlosberg, H. (1952). The description of facial expressions in terms of two dimensions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 44, 229-237.

Woodworth, R. S., & Schlosberg, H. (1955). Experimental psychology. London: Methuen.

Zeigler-Hill, V., & Jordan, C., H. (2010). Two faces of self-esteem: Implicit and explicit forms of self-esteem. In B. Gawronski & B.K. Payne (Eds.), Handbook of Implicit Social Cognition Measurement, Theory, and Applications (pp. 392-407). New York, London: The Guilford Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2016vol1.1511

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.