MODERN CAREER THEORIES IN THE CONTEXT OF DIFFERENT GENERATIONS AND CHANGEABLE ENVIRONMENT

Irēna Katane, Evita Korna-Opincāne

Abstract


One the most topical issues in modern education is to support students in their interaction with the changing environment, thus helping them to accept these changes, live with them and find new opportunities for development, including opportunities for career development within these changes. Another topical issue is the generational change of students and respecting the specific qualities of this new generation during the education and career development support process in schools. Both these issues reflect in career theories in a form of new trends. Which generations can these career theories be applied to the most? How will the representatives of different generations join in the changing educational and professional environments? Understanding of these questions is essential within the context of providing modern career support. The aim of this article is to analyse and evaluate modern career theories within the context of different generations and changeable environment. The publication comprises the finding of the latest theoretical studies and results of the authors reflecting upon their professional experience. Career development during the current decade of the 21st century is determined by several new theoretical viewpoints, each of which focuses on its own research issue, yet they are united in the aspect of taking individual responsibility of one’s own career development and career self-management in the situation of changeable  environment, which can be helpful in adapting to and coping with unexpected changes and challenges presented therewith in the context of career development. From the point of view of modern career theories, challenges within educational and professional environments posed by global changes may be better understood within the context of career development of pupils. People of different generations have different attitudes towards their careers and the possibilities for their developments, therefore studies within the context of generation and career theories are essential.

 


Keywords


modern career theories; generations; changeable environment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed A., A Sajid M. A., Nesheen S., & Sajid A., 2015. The Relationship between Career Self-Management and Different Dimensions of Employees’ Organizational Commitment. International Journal of Management and Social Sciences Research (IJMSSR). 4 (1), 58-62. Retrieved from: http://www.irjcjournals.org/ijmssr/Jan2015/9.pdf

Akkermans, J., Brenninkmeijer, V., Huibers, M., & Blonk, R. B. (2013). Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire. Journal of Career Development. 40 (3), 245–267. DOI: 10.1177/0894845312467501

Alhaddad M. (2014). Career self-management in ascription culture. Thesis. Brunel: Brunel School of Business and Management, Brunel University. Retrieved from: https://bura.brunel.ac.uk/bitstream/2438/8746/1/FulltextThesis.pdf

Arthur, M. B., Inkson, K., & Pringle, J. K. (1999). The new careers: Individual action and economic change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Arthur M.B., Khapova S.N., & Wilderom C.P.M. (2005). Career success in a boundaryless career worldy Journal of Organizational Behavior J. Organiz. Behav. 26, 177–202. Retrieved from: http://www.ncyu.edu.tw/files/list/gcweb/1.%E6%A5%8A%E8%82%B2%E5%84%80%E8%80%81%E5%B8%AB_CareerSuccess.pdf

Arthur, M. B., & Rousseau, D. M. (1996). The Boundaryless Career: A New Employment principle for a New Organisational Era. New York: Oxford University press.

Amundsons N. (2016). Aktīvā iesaistīšanās. Active Engagement. 4.izd. Rīga: Valsts izglītības attīstības aģentūra. Pieejams: http://viaa.gov.lv/library/files/original/Amundsen_Aktiva_iesaistisanas.pdf

Baruch, Y. (2004). Transforming careers: from linear to multidirecional career paths: Organizational and Individual Perspectives. Career Development International, 9 (1), 58–73. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235287145_Transforming_careersfrom_linear_to_multidirectional_career_paths_Organizational_and_individual_perspectives

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1-26.

Baruch, Y. (2006). Career development in organisations and beyond: Balancing traditional and contemporary viewpoints. Human Resources Management Review, 16 (2), 125-138. DOI: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2006.03.002

Baruch, Y., & Peiperl, M.A. (2001). Career management practices: An empirical survey and theoretical implications. Human Resources Management, 39 (4), 347-366. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-050X(200024)39:4<347::AID-HRM6>3.0.CO;2-C

Briscoe J.P., Hall D.T. (2006). The interplay of boundaryless and protean career: Combinations and implications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69 (1), 4-18. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0001879105001065

Briscoe J.P., Hall D.T., & Frautschy DeMuth R.L. (2006). Protean and boundaryless career: An empirical exploration. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69 (1), 30-47. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0001879105001077

Briscoe J.P., Henagen S.C., Burton J.P., & Murphy W.M. (2012). Coping with an insecure employment environment: The differng roles of protean and boundaryless career orientations. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 80 (2), 308-316. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0001879112000024?via%3Dihub

Burghardt P. (2008). New Management Styles for a New Age. The Journal of the Household Goods Forwarders Association of America, Inc. March/April, 19. Retrieved from: http://iam.files.cms-plus.com/newimages/portalpdfs/2008_03_04.pdf

Chiaburu D.S.,Vicki, B.L, & Adrian, P.H. (2006). Beyond being proactive: what (else) matters for career self-management behaviors? Career Development International, 11 (7), 619-632. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430610713481

Chin W.S., Shen Q.L. (2015). Factors Affecting Individual Career Management among Undergraduates in Higher Education Institutions. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 5 (10), 56 – 68. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1dd6/166589e15b914637d6ba4f04c9fb40c18ebe.pdf

Csobanka Z. E. (2016). The Z Generation. Acta Technologica Dubnicae, 6 (2), 63 – 76. DOI: 10.1515/atd-2016-0012

DeFillippi, R.J., & Arthur, M.B. (1996). Boundaryless contexts and careers: a competency-based perspective. In M.B. Arthur, & D.M. Rousseau (Eds.), The boundaryless career, (116-132). New York: Oxford University Press.

De Vos, A., Soens, N. (2008). Protean attitude and career success: The mediating role of self-management. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73, 449–456. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2008.08.007

DiRenzo, M. S. (2010). An examination of the roles of protean career orientation and career capital on work and life outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, Drexel University. Retrieved from: ProQuest Digital Dissertations. (AAT 3416081). https://idea.library.drexel.edu/islandora/object/idea%3A3378

Francis-Smythe, J., Haase, S., Thomas, E., & Steele, C. (2013). Development and Validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI). Journal of Career Assessment. 21 (2), 227–248. DOI: 10.1177/1069072712466724.

Gelatt, H. B. (1989). Positive uncertainty: A new decision-making framework for counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33, 252–256.

Gelatt, H. B. (1991). Creative decision making. Los Altos, CA:Crisp Publications.

Granrose, C.S., & Baccili, P.A. (2006). Do psychological contracts include boundaryless or protean careers? Career development International, 11 (2), 163-182. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430610651903

Greenhaus, J. H., & Callanan, G. A. (1994). Career management (2nd ed.). Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press.

Hall, D.T. (1996). Protean careers of the 21st century. Academy of Management Executive, 10 (4), 8-16.

Hall, D.T. (2002). Protean Careers in and out of Organisations. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Handy, C. (1994). The age of paradox. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Hofstetter, H., Rosneblatt, Z. (2016). Predicting protean and physical boundaryless career attitudes by work importance and work alternatives: regulatory focus mediation effects. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 28 (15), 1-23. DOI: 10.1080/09585192.2015.1128465

Howe, N. & Strauss, W. (2000). Millennials Rising: The Next Generations. New York: Vintage Books.

Inkson, K. (2006). Protean and boundaryless careers as metaphors. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69(1), 48-63 Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/222188092_Protean_and_boundaryless_careers_as_metaphors

Innovating Pedagogy. (2016). Singapore: The Open University. Retrieved from: https://iet.open.ac.uk/file/innovating_pedagogy_2016.pdf

Jenkins R. (2017). Generation Z Versus Millennials: The 8 Differences You Need to Know. Retrieved from: https://www.inc.com/ryan-jenkins/generation-z-vs-millennials-the-8-differences-you-.html

Katane I., Katans E. (2016). Programming Specialist's Professional Development as Lifelong Self-Determination and Self-Organization Process. Society. Integration. Education, 2, 535- 548. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2016vol2.1422

Katane I., Baltušīte R., Katans E. (2016). Programming engineer professional development and career growth in multi-dimensional view. Engineering for Rural Development, 15, 1182-1192. Retrieved from: http://www.tf.llu.lv/conference/proceedings2016/Papers/N234.pdf

King, Z. (2000). The development and initial test of a theory of career self - management. PhD thesis. University of London

King, Z. (2001). Career self-management: a framework for guidance of employment adults. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 29, 66-78. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1080/03069880020019365

King, Z. (2004). Career self-management: its nature, causes and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65 (1), 112–133. DOI: 10.1016/S0001-8791(03)00052-6

Kossek, E.E., Roberts, K., Fisher, S., & Demarr, B. (1998). Career Self-management: a quasi-experimental assessment of the effects of a training intervention. Personnel Psichology, 51, 935-962. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227656646_Career_selfmanagement_A_quasi-experimental_assessment_of_the_effects_of_a_training_intervention

Kovalenko, M., & Mortelmans, D. (2013). Labor market segmentation and the protean career: the effects on labor market experience. Leuven: Steunpunt Erk and Sociale Economie / Antwerpen: CELLO Universiteit Antwerpen. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259184234_Labor_market_segmentation_and_the_protean_career_the_effects_on_labor_market_experience

Kuijpers, M. T., & Scheerens, J. (2006). Career Competencies for the Modern Career. Journal of Career Development, 32 (4), 303–319. DOI: 10.1177/0894845305283006

Lent, R. W., & Brown, S. D. (2013). Social Cognitive Model of Career Self-Management: Toward a Unifying View of Adaptive Career Behavior Across the Life Span. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 60 (4), 557–568. DOI: 10.1037/a0033446.

Lent, R.W., Brown, S.D., & Hackett, G. (2000). Contextual supports and barriers to career choice: A social cognitive analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 36-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.47.1.36

Lent, R.W., Ezeor, I., Morrison, M.A., Penn, L.T., Ireland, G.W. (2016). Applying the social cognitive model of career self-management to career exploration and decision-making. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 93, 47–57. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0001879115300245

Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2004). Human, social, and now positive psychological capital management: Investing in people for competitive advantage. Organizational Dynamics, 33, 143-160. https://www.sciencedirect.com/sdfe/pdf/download/eid/1-s2.0-S0090261604000129/first-page-pdf

Mainiero, L.A., & Sullivan, S.E. (2005). Kaleidoscope Careers: An Alternate Explanation for the "Opt-out" Revolution. The Academy of Management Executive (1993-2005), 19 (1), 106-123. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/4166156?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

McCrindle, M., & Wolfinger, E. (2010). The ABC of XYZ: Understanding the Global Generations. Retrieved from: https://www.amazon.com/ABC-XYZ-Understanding-Global-Generations/dp/1742230350

McDonald, P., Brown, K., & Bradley, L. (2005). Have traditional career paths given way to protean ones? Evidence from senior managers in the Australian public sector. Career Development International, 10 (2), 109-129. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430510588310

Mitchell, K. E., Levin, A. S., & Krumboltz, J. D. (1999). Planned happenstance: Constructing unexpected career opportunities. Journal of Counseling and Development, 77, 115–124. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1999.tb02431.x

Noe, R. A. (1996). Is career management related to employee development and performance? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 17, 119-133. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199603)17:2<119::AID-JOB736>3.0.CO;2-O

Norizan B.R., Siti-Rohaida M.Z. (2015). Protean Career Orientation and Career Goal Development: Do they Predict Engineer's Psychological Well-being? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 172 (27), 270-277. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042815004012

Okay-Somerville B., & Scholarios D. (2015). Career self-management, perceived employability and employment success during university-to-work transitions: A Social Cognitive Career Theory perspective. Zarzadzanie Zasobami Ludzkimi = Human Resource Management, 107 (6), 33-60. Retrieved from: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/135211/

Paradnike K., Endriulaitiene A., & Bandzevičiene L. (2017). Career self-management resources in contemporary career frameworks: a literature review. Organizacijų Vadyba: Sisteminiai Tyrimai 2016.76. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.7220/MOSR.2335.8750.2016.76.6

Pinto, J. C.; & Taveira, M. do C. (2013). Developing career self-management skills: A study in higher education, The International Journal of Management Science and Information Technology (IJMSIT), 8, 28-58. Retrieved from: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/97868/1/786026286.pdf

Polanska, M.A. (2016). An empirical investigation of career self-management behaviours: test of a theorethical model. Dissertation. ISCTE Business School. Retrieved from: https://repositorio.iscte-iul.pt/bitstream/10071/13784/1/Thesis.pdf

Prensky, M. (2001). Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. On the Horizon, Vol. 9 No. 5, October 2001. Pieejams: https://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf

Pryor, R. L., Bright, J. H. (2007). Applying Chaos Theory to Careers: Attraction and Attractors. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 71 (3), 375–400. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2007.05.002.

Pryor, R. G. L. (2010). A Framework for Chaos Theory Career Counselling. Australian Journal of Career Development, 19 (2), 32–40. DOI: 10.1177/103841621001900205.

Raabe, B., Frese, M., & Beehr, T. A. (2007). Action regulation theory and career selfmanagement. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70, 207-311. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.466.3125&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Rubene Z. (2018). Digital childhood: some reflections from the point of view oh philospophy of education. In: L. Daniela (Ed.), Innovations, Technologies and Researches in Education (64 – 77). Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Retrieved from https://books.google.lv/books?id=UJ9fDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=zanda+rubene+generation+pdf&source=bl&ots=tTdtvKfyYl&sig=ACfU3U3962Gl0AG81z6Vt49yEju9iy9JpQ&hl=lv&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjZ29CNm_jfAhXEBywKHRm-DDo4ChDoATAGegQICBAB#v=onepage&q&f=false

Savickas, M. L. (2002). Career Construction: A Developmental Theory of Vocational Behavior. In the Career choice and development (4th ed.), ed. D. Brown, (149–205). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Savickas, M. L. (2015). Career counseling paradigms: Guiding, developing and designing. In P. J. Hartung, M. L. Savickas & W. B Walsh (Eds.), Handbook of career intervention, 1: Foundations, (129–144). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Savicks, M. (2017). Dzīves plānošanas rokasgrāmata. Life-Design Counseling Manual. Rīga: Valsts izglītības attīstības aģentūra. Pieejams: http://viaa.gov.lv/library/files/original/M.Savicks_Dzives_planosanas_rokasgramata.pdf

Savickas M. L., Porfeli E. J. (2012). Career Adapt-Abilities Scale: Construction, Reliability, and Measurement Equivalence across 13 Countries, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80 (3), 661–673. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2012.01.011.

Smith E.C. (2014). Career Self-Management and Career Capital of Mid-Level Administrators in Higher Education Who Previously Served as Professional Academic Advisors. Theses and Dissertations. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas. Retrieved from: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/2293

Snyder, R. C. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 249–275. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1304_01

Sturges, J. (2008). All in a Day’s Work? Career Self-Management and the Management of the Boundary between Work and Non-Work. Human Resource Management Journal, 18 (2), 118–134. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-8583.2007.00054.x.

Sullivan, S., & Arthur, M.B. (2006). The Evolution of the Boundaryless Career Concept: Examining Physical and Psychological Mobility. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69 (1), 19-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2005.09.001

Sullivan, S., & Baruch, Y. (2009). Advances in Career Theory and Research: A Critical Review and Agenda for Future Exploration. Journal of Management, 35 (6), 1542-1571. DOI: 10.1177/0149206309350082

Vander Ark T., & Ryese M. (2017). An integrated approach to college, career & life readiness. A Case Study on Personalizing Guidance. Washington: Getting Smart. Retrieved from: http://www.gettingsmart.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/CS-CGWpaperEN-25Apr2017.pdf

Yu Ch. (2013). The Relationship between Undergraduate Students’ Creative Self-efficacy, Creative Ability and Career Self-management. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 2 (2), 181-193. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0923/d516458e5e22525df98777ba640685d971ac.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2019vol2.3939

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.