EXPLORING THE FACTORS INFLUENCING ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN REPORTING ON MIGRATION ISSUES IN LATVIAN NEWS MEDIA

Agnese Dāvidsone, Dagne Galvanovska

Abstract


This article analyses the perceived importance of various influences on the ways in which Latvian local and national news media (print, online, TV, radio) have reported on migration issues and the process of accepting asylum seekers in Latvia during the last years. Previous studies indicate that the framing in media content depends on a large number of considerations such as general principles of ethical reporting, the established cultures inside media, and – in many cases – the individual perceptions of the “right” and “wrong” of the journalists and editors. The current study applies a qualitative approach drawing on 13 semi-structured interviews with media editors. The data analysis reveal how the perceptions of various individual, procedural and cultural influences intersect with the journalist perceptions of media roles, responsibilities and duties in a democratic society. Based on the results, suggestions are made about the opportunities of lifelong learning training development for journalists.

 


Keywords


media ethics; migration reporting; news media

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aalberg, T., & Beyer, A. (2015). Human Interest Framing of Irregular Immigration. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(7), 858-875.

Balabanova, E., & Balch, A. (2010). Sending and receiving: The ethical framing of intra-EU migration in the European press. European Journal of Communication, 25(4), 382-397.

Balch, A. (2010). Managing Labour Migration in Europe: Ideas, Knowledge and Policy Change. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Beyer, A., & Matthes, J. (2015). Public Perceptions of the Media Coverage of Irregular Immigration. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(7), 839-857.

Butterworth, E. (1966). The 1962 Smallpox Outbreak and the British Press. Race, 7(4), 347-364.

Cook, T. (1998). Governing with the news: The news media as a political institution.Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Dimants, A. (2018). Latvia: Different journalistic cultures and different accountability within one media system. Eberwein, Tobias; Fengler, Susanne; Karmasin, Matthias (Eds.)

The European Handbook of Media Accountability. London, New York: Routledge, pp.143–149.

Eglīte, P., & Krišjāne, Z. (2009). Dimensions and effects of labour migration to EU countries:the case of Latvia. In Galgoczi, Bela, Leschke, Janine and Watt, Andrew, (Eds.) EU labour migration since enlargement: Trends, impacts and policies. London: Ashgate.

Figenschou, T., & Thorbjørnsrud, K. (2015). Faces of an Invisible Population: Human Interest

Framing of Irregular Immigration News in the United States, France, and Norway.

American Behavioral Scientist, 59(7), 783-801.

Gans, H.J. (2011). Multiperspectival news revisited: Journalism and representative democracy. Journalism, 12(1), 3-13.

Thematic coding and categorizing. (2007). In Gibbs, G. R. (Ed.) Qualitative Research kit:

Analyzing qualitative data. London, England: SAGE Publications, Ltd, 38-55.

Greenberg, J., & Hier, S. (2001). Crisis, Mobilization and Collective Problematization:"illegal" Chinese migrants and the Canadian news media. Journalism Studies, 2(4),563-583.

Hallin, D. (2015). The Dynamics of Immigration Coverage in Comparative Perspective. American Behavioral Scientist, 59 (7).

Hellman, M., & Lerkkanen, T. (2017). Construing oppositions, demarcating a we-ness: The dramaturgy of a live TV debate on the refugee crisis. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 00(0), 1-23.

Horsti, K., & Nikunen, K. (2013). The ethics of hospitality in changing journalism: A response to the rise of the anti-immigrant movement in Finnish media publicity.

European Journal of Cultural Studies, 16(4), 489-504.

Juzefovičs, J. (2012). Ziņas sabiedriskajā televīzijā: paaudžu un etnisko (lingvistisko) grupu ziņu mediju izvēles Latvijā. (News in the public TV: the news preferences in Latvia of the generational and ethnic (linguistic) groups). Valmiera: Vidzemes Augstskola.

Latvijas mediju politikas pamatnostādnes (2016). Ministru kabineta rīkojums Nr. 667; Rīgā 2016. gada 8. novembrī. Available at: https://vestnesis.lv/op/2016/221.3

Lauk, E., & Jufereva, M. (2010). Reversed censorship? Assessing media self-regulation in the Baltic countries. Media Studies, 1, 8-31.

Ločmele, K. (2017). Media landscapes: Expert analysis of the state of media: LATVIA.

Available from: https://medialandscapes.org/country/latvia

Lulle, A. & Ungure, E. (2015). Asylum seekers crisis in Europe 2015: Debating spaces of fear and security in Latvia. Journal on Baltic Security, 1(2), 62-95.

LSM.lv (2018). Nodibina Latvijas Mediju ētikas padomi (A Latvian Media ethics’ council is established). Retrieved from: https://www.lsm.lv/raksts/zinas/latvija/nodibina-latvijas-mediju-etikas-padomi.a302778/

McKay, F.H., Thomas, S.L., & Blood, R.W. (2011). “Any one of these boat people could be a terrorist for all we know!” Media representations and public perceptions of “boat people” arrivals to Australia. Journalism, 12(5), 607-626.

Newland, K. (2016). New approaches to refugee crisis in 21st century: The role of the international community. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/new-approaches-refugee-crises-21st-century-role-international-community.pdf

OCMA (2018). Report on migration and asylum in Latvia. Retrieved from: http://www.emn.lv/wp-content/uploads/ARM_2017_part2_LATVIA_ENG.pdf

Poole, E., & Richardson, J. (eds) (2006). Muslims and the News Media. London: IB Tauris.

Preston, P. (2009). Making the News: Journalism and News Cultures around Europe. London: Routledge.

Rožukalne A. (2016). Mēs jūs tūlīt televizēsim! Available at: https://www.lsm.lv/raksts/arpus-etera/arpus-etera/anda-rozukalne-mes-jus-tulit-televizesim.a167993/

Silverstone R. (2007). Media and Morality: On the Rise of the Mediapolis. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Šulmane, I. (2010). The Media and Integration. In Muižnieks, Nils (Ed.) How Integrated Is

Latvian Society? An Audit of Achievements, Failures and Challenges. Riga: University of Latvia Press.

Voakes, P.S. (1997). Social influences on journalists’ decision making in ethical situations.

Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 12(1), 18-35.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2019vol5.3853

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.