ANAEROBIC POWER IN SPORTS

Krzysztof Stec, Karol Pilis, Zbigniew Witkowski, Anna Pilis, Cezary Michalski, Michal Zych

Abstract


The aim of the present study is to determine the anaerobic power of men of similar age representing different sports disciplines. Professional athletes representing the following sports participated in the study: soccer (n=15, PS), martial arts (n=12, MA), weightlifting (n=15, WL), powerlifting (n=15, PL), middle- and long distance running (n=12, DR), race walking (n=14, RW), and recreational soccer (n=15, RS). After recording personal and somatic data, the subjects performed a 3-minute warm-up followed immediately by a 30 seconds cycloergometric Wingate test. The following variables of anaerobic power were calculated: total external work (TEW-KJ/30s), maximal power (Pmax-W/kg), mean power (Pmean-W/kg), fatigue index (FI-%). It was shown that the examined groups differed in body weight (F=13.560, p<0.001), body height (F=3.342, p<0.01) and BMI (F=28.868, p<0.01). There were also significant differences in the TEW range (F=5.764, p<0.001), Pmax (F=2.807, p=0.013) and FI=4.942, p<0.001) and no intergroup difference in the Pmean range. In conclusion, it should be pointed out that various types of sports training develop in the various degree different components of anaerobic power, however they develop similarly its average value.

Keywords


anaerobic power; sport; training

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asadi, A. (2015). Influence of rest interval between plyometric training session on functional performance test. Physical Activity Review, 3, 1-10.

Bogdanis, G.C., Nevill, M.E., Boobis, L.H., Lakomy, H.K., & Nevill, A.M. (1995). Recovery of power output and muscle metabolism following 30s of maximal sprint cycling in man. Journal of Physiology, 482 (2), 467-480.

Cheetham, M.E., Boobis, L.H., Brooks, S., & Williams, C. (1986). Human muscle metabolism during sprint running. Journal of Applied Physiology, 1985, 61(1), 54-60.

Hakkinen, K., Alen, M., & Komi, P.V. (1984). Neuromuscular anaerobic and aerobic performance characteristics of elite power athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 53(2), 97-105.

Hilliard, C. (1991). Weight training and conditioning for walkers. Modern Athlete and Coach, 29, 2, 36-38.

Hofman, N., Orie, J., Hoozemans, M.J., Foster, C., & de Koning, J.J. (2017). Wingate Test is a Strong Predictor of 1500m Performance in Elite Speed Skaters, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2, 1-17.

Horbacz, A., Majherová, M., & Perečinská, K. (2013) Posture and muscle imbalance in young tennis players. Scientific Review of Physical Culture, 3(4), 33-38. Retrieved http://www.srpc.eu

Janot, J.M., Beltz, N.M., & Dalleck, L.D., (2015). Multiple Off-Ice Performance Variables Predict On-Ice Skating Performance in Male and Female Division III Ice Hockey Players. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 11;14(3), 522-9.

Laird, R.H., 4th, Elmer, D.J., Barberio, M.D., Salom, L.P., Lee, K.A., & Pascoe, D.D. (2016). Evaluation of Performance Improvements After Either Resistance Training or Sprint Interval-Based Concurrent Training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(11), 3057-3065.

Larsen, K.B. (2003). Kenyan dominance in distance running. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 136(1), 161-170.

Lortie, G., Simoneau, J.A., Boulay, M.R., & Bouchard, C. (1986). Muscle fibre type composition and enzyme activities in brothers and monozygotic twins, In: Sport and Human Genetics. Human Kinetics Publ, Champaign, USA.

Maldonaldo, S., Mujika, I., & Padilla, S. (2002). Influence of body mass and height on the energy cost of running in highly trained middle-and long-distance runners. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 23 (4), 268-272.

Milanović, Z., Pantelić, S., Sporiš, G., Moht, M., & Krustrup, P. (2015). Health-related physical fitness in healthy untrained men: effects on VO2 max, jump performance and flexibility of soccer and moderate-intensity continuous running, PLOS ONE, 10, 8, 1-14.

Minahan, C., Chia, M., & Inbar, O. (2007). Does power indicate capacity? 30-s Wingate anaerobic test vs. maximal accumulated O2 deficit. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28 (10), 836-843.

Pilis, K., Jelonek, J., Pilis, A., Michalski, C., Pilis, W., & Mizera, K. (2013). Sposób żywienia członków polskiej kadry narodowej w chodzie sportowym – krótkie doniesienie. Medycyna Sportowa, 1(4)29, 63-71.

Pilis, W., Wojtyna, J., Langfort, J., Zając, A., Manowska, B., Chmura, J., & Zarzeczny, R. (1997). Relationships between sport results, somatic variables and anaerobic power in elite weightlifters. Biology of Sport, 14, 275-283.

Popadic Gacesa, J.Z., Barak, O.F., & Grujic, N.G. (2009). Maximal anaerobic power test in athletes of different sport disciplines. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(3), 751-755.

Reilly, T., Bangsbo, J., & Franks, A. (2000). Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. Journal of Sports Science, 18(9), 669-683.

Roczniok, R., Stanula, A., Gabryś, T., Szmatlan-Gabryś, U., Gołaś, A., & Stastny, P. (2016). Physical fitness and performance of polish ice-hockey players competing at different sports levels. Journal of Human Kinetics, 51(1), 201-208.

Skinner, J.S., O'Conner, J., Kohrt, W., & Hoffman, D. (1986). Aerobic and anaerobic characteristic of lightly-trained athletes from selected sports. 3rd Inter, Course on Physiology and Biochemistry of Exercise and Training, Athenes.

Williams, C., & Nute, M.L. (1983). Some physiological demands of a half-marathon race on recreational runners. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 17, 152-161

Zając, A., Pilis, W., & Waśkiewicz, Z. (1999). The influence of strength training and age on anaerobic power. Journal of Human Kinetics, Antropomotoryka, 21,2, 103-144.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2018vol1.3140

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.