Latent Structure of Reflective Learning at the Higher Educational Institution: Mixed Methods Research Results

Remigijus Bubnys


The article presents results of the research, conducted using mixed methods research strategy: the reflective learning model as a prerequisite for curriculum development and improvement in university studies. The qualitative study was implemented using unstructured reflections, written by 65 prospective special educators studying at the university. The phenomenological hermeneutical method of data analysis enabled to disclose students’ experiences as preconditions for reflective learning, continuing studies at the university, and reveal impact on changes in personal conceptions, based on reflection of experienced situations. The quantitative study, which was attended by 389 students, aimed to disclose general trends of students’ reflective learning in theoretical and practical studies. Primary and secondary factor analyses enabled to disclose the latent structure of the investigated phenomenon – reflective learning. The constructed reflective learning model, based on prospective special educators’ example, can be described by 7 key dimensions, which can be treated as main trends, seeking improvement of the curriculum, implementing reflective learning at the higher education institution, and development of students’ reflection competency during studies.



reflective learning; higher education; mixed methods research

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