Physico-technical approach to design of composites from mineral and polymer technogenic resources

Gotfrīds Noviks

Abstract


Artificial composite materials are currently being produced in large quantities, they are diverse and they are widely used in the economy. There have been extensive theoretical and experimental studies of different types of components, developed the calculation methods of composites production with predefined properties.

At the same time industry produces a lot of mineral and polymer waste, which are practically technogenic resources, but their use is currently at quite low levels. The paper examines the possibilities to use technogenic resources- mineral (such as ash and clay) and organic (polymers -PET containers) for producing qualitative composite materials. For this purpose theoretical analysis and calculations of the physical properties of components and process parameters that determine the operating characteristics of the composite material were carried out.

Composite-forming process efficiency determinative parameters were analysed: adhesion, the specific surface energy, specific free surface, adsorption capacity and the degree of dispersion of the particles.

The role of external factors in processing of composite were examined – temperature, concentration of components.

The characteristics of prepared samples of composites showed the possibility to use these waste for the development of qualitative products for different purposes.


Keywords


adhesion, composites, mineral waste , PET waste

Full Text:

PDF

References


Inorganic waste. [Online] Available: http://www.owp.csus.edu/glossary/inorganicwaste.php. [Accessed May 5,2015].

G.Noviks, ”Basis of optimal mineral inorganic wasteprocessing methods”, in Environment. Technology. Resources: Proceedings of the 6-th International Scientific and practical conference, June 20-22, 2007.Rezekne, pp. 87-101. Karen A.Hudson-Edwards and Bernhard Dold ,”Mine waste Characterization , Management and Remediation” , Minerals, 2015,5 pp. 82-85.

“Waste generation and treatment”.[Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database [Accessed May 5,2015].

D. Hoornweg and P. Bhada-Tata, What a waste. A global review of solid waste management. March 2012, No. 15. Urban development series – knowledge papers. Chapter 5. pp. 32-37. [Online]. Available: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/[Accessed May 5,2015].

Y.Kim, J. Lee, Min Sun Yeom, Jae Won Shin, Hyungjun Kim, Yi Cui, Jeffrey W Kysar, James Hone, Yousung Jung and Seokwoo Jeon, “Strengthening effect of single-atomic-layer graphene in metal-graphene nanolayered composites”, Nature Communications07/2013;4:2114.DOI:10.1038/ncomms3114,pp.1-7.[Online].Available: : http://www.researchgate.net/publication/244991748. [Accessed March 7, 2015].

Krishan K. Chawla, Composite Materials: Science and Engineering (Materials Research and Engineering), Springer, 2013.

Autar K. Kaw, Mechanics of Composite Materials (2nd ed.). CRC Taylor & Francis Group,2005.

В.Ржевский. Г.Я.Новик, Основы физики горных пород ,М.ЛЕНАНД, 2014.

Kim Christensen, Percolation Theory, London ,2002.

D. Austin. Percolation: Slipping through the Cracks. [Online].Available:http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-percolation#sthash.ulasL7vp.dpuf [Accessed March 12,2015]

Daniel Genin , Percolation: Theory and Applications. NIST,2007.[Online].Available:http://www.pdfdrive.net/percolation-theory-and-applicationse4996426.html [Accessed April 04,2015].

“Теория перколяции”. [Online].Available: http://worldofmaterials.ru/spravochnik/composites/40-teoriya-perkolyatsii [Accessed May 04,2015].

John C. Wierman “Critical Percolation Probabilities”, North-Holland Mathematics Studies, Volume 118, 1985, pp. 349–359.

Dietrich Stauffer, Ammon Aharony, Introduction in percolation theory , CRC Press, 1994.

Tuck C.Choy , Effective Medium Theory : Principles and Applications , Oxford University Press, 1999.

Landauer, Rolf. "Electrical conductivity in inhomogeneous media", in AIP Conference Proceedings ,40 American Institute of Physics . April 1978, pp. 2–45. doi:10.1063/1.31150.

В.И.Оделевский, “Расчет обобщенной проводимости гетерогенных систем. Матричные двухфазные системы с невытянутыми включениями”, Журнал Технической Физики, 1951. Т. 21Б,Nо 6. с. 667-677.

Г.Я.Новик , М.Г.Зильбершмидт, Управление физическими свойствами пород в процессах горного производства, М.ЛКИ,2010.

A.Baldan,”Adhesion phenomena in bonded joints”, Turkey International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives 38, 2012, pp. 95-116.

А.В.Гордеев, Моделирование свойств композиционных материалов, дисперсно армированных жесткими короткими волокнами , 2010, 124c.

А.А.Берлин.В.Е.Васин, Основы адгезии полимеров,М.,Химия, 1974.

Hong T. Hahn and Stephen W. Tsai, Introduction to Composite Materials - Technology & Engineering . CRC Press, 1980.

M.Zenkiewicz, „Methods for the calculation of surface free energy of solids”, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, Vol.24, Issue 1 , September 2007 , pp.137-145.

Г.И.Петрова. Э.Я.Бейдер, „Конструкционные материалы на основе армированных термопластов” , Российский химический журнал т.LIV,#1, 2010.c.1-16.[Online].Available : http://www.viam.ru/public Accessed March20,2015.

Byung-Wan Jo, Seung-Kook Park, Jong-Chil Park „Mechanical properties of polymer concrete made with recycled PET and recycled concrete aggregates”, Construction and Building Materials 22,2008.pp. 2281–2291.

Yun-Wang Choi, Dae-Joong Moon, Jee-Seung Chung, Sun-Kyu Cho „Effects of waste PET bottles aggregate on the properties of concrete” , Cement and Concrete Research 35 ,2005, pp.776–781.

F. M. Fowkes,” Attractive Forces at Interfaces”, in: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 56,12 (1964), P. 40-52.

A.W. Neumann, Applied Surface Thermodynamics ,CRCPress2014[ebook],Available:https://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849396878

“Common Waste and Materials” [Online].Available: http://www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/materials/plastics.htm [Accessed March10, 2015].

Adrian K. James,Ronald W.Thring, Steve Helle and Harpuneet S.Ghuman. “Ash management rewiev- application of Biomass Bottom Ash” , in Energies, 5, 2012, pp. 3856-3873.

G.Noviks,” Investigation of Biomass Ash Properties for their Utilization Assessment” in Environment. Technology .Resources. Proceedings of the 9-th International Scientific and practical conference, June 20-22, 2013.Rezekne, pp. 168-174.

“PET(polyethylene terephalate)”[Online].Available: http://www.plastic-products.com/part12.htm [Accessed March15,2015]

N. Torres, J.J. Robin , B. Boutevin.“ Study of thermal and mechanical properties of virgin and recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) before and after injection molding “ in European Polymer Journal Volume 36, Issue 10, 1 , 2000, pp. 2075–2080

“Surface Energy Data for PET: Poly(ethylene terephthalate)”.[Online].Available:www.accudynetest.com/polymer_surface_data/pet.pdf [Accessed March,24]

R. C. Mielenz , M.E.King Physical-Chemical Properties and Engineering Performance of Clays . www.clays.org/journal/archive/volume%201/1-1-196.pdf

Bronislaw Janczuk , Tomasz Bialo Piotrowicz, ”Components of Surface Free Energy of some Clay Minerals” in Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1.988 , pp 243-248.

E. Chibowski ,P. Staszczuk. Determination of Surface Free Energy of Kaolinite ,in Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 5, 455--461, 1988.

“Технология производства композиционных материалов на основе П ЭТ, переработка отходов”.[Online].Available:http://www.ecoteco.ru/?id=140 [Accessed March20, 2015].

Chi- An Dai, Tai-An Tsui , Yao-Yi Cheng , “Adhesion of PET/PSMA Interfaces Reinforced with Plasma Treatment “in Surface review and Letters , Vol.13, No2&3 , 2006 , World Scientific Publishing Company , pp 265-271.

Maziyar Bolourchi, Roger W. Coupled fly ash filled polymer compounds. Patent WO 2013082047 A1 Nun 6, 2013 Nov 27 2012 Nov 29, 2011.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/etr2015vol1.620

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


SCImago Journal & Country Rank