STRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMERIC COMPOSITES WITH CARBON NANOTUBES

Konstantin Gusev, Vjaceslavs Gerbreders, Andrejs Ogurcovs, Vladimir Solovyev

Abstract


Experimental investigations of single-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT) effect on the mechanical properties of polymeric composite materials based on epoxy matrix have been carried out. It has been found that addition of CNT at low concentration dramatically increases tensile strength (20 – 30 per cent growth) and Young’s modulus of the samples under study. Structure of polymeric composites with CNT was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). AFM images of the samples under study confirm strong interaction between polymeric matrix and nano-additives, demonstrating intimate contact between CNT and epoxy surroundings which is of great importance for composite material reinforcement. Dependences of tensile strength and those of Young’s modulus on CNT concentration are discussed using micromechanics models for nanocomposites.

Keywords


polymeric composites; carbon nanotubes; mechanical properties

Full Text:

PDF

References


C. P. Poole, Jr., F. J. Owens, Introduction to nanotechnology. Wiley-Interscience, 2003.

Yiu-Wing Mai and Zhong-Zhen Yu, Eds., Polymer nanocomposites. Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2006.

C. Leopold, T. Augustin, T. Schwebler, J. Lehnann, W. V. Liebig, B. Fiedler, “Influence of carbon nanoparticle modification on the mechanical and electrical properties of epoxy in small volumes”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 506, pp. 620–632, 2017.

A. A. Moosa, A. Ramazani, M. N. Ibrahim, “Effects of carbon-nanotubes on the mechanical and electrical properties of epoxy nanocomposites”, International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, vol. 5, pp. 3253–3258, 2015.

C. Xiao, Y. Tan, X. Wang, L. Gao, L. Wang, Z. Qi, "Study of interfacial and mechanical improvement of carbon fiber / epoxy composites by depositing multi-walled carbon nanotubes on fibers", Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 703, pp. 8–16, 2018.

G. V. Kozlov, “Structure and properties of particulate-filled polymer nanocomposites”, Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, vol. 185, pp. 35–64, 2015.

B. Pukanszky, “Influence of interface interaction on the ultimate tensile properties of polymer composites”, Composites, vol. 21, pp. 255-262, 1990.

Y. Zare, K. Y. Rhee, “Multistep modeling of Young’s modulus in polymer / clay nanocomposites assuming the intercalation / exfoliation of clay layers and the interphase between polymer matrix and nanoparticles”, Composites: Part A, vol. 102, pp.137–144, 2017.

A. Kelley, G. J. Davies, “The principles of the fibre reinforcement of metals”, Metallurgical Reviews, vol. 10, pp. 1-77, 1965.

A. Kelly, W. R. Tyson, “Tensile properties of fibre-reinforced metals: Copper / tungsten and copper / molybdenum”, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 13, pp. 329-350, 1965.

Y. Zare, “Effects of interphase on tensile strength of polymer / CNT nanocomposites by Kelly-Tyson theory”, Mechanics of Materials, vol. 85, pp. 1–6, 2015.

V. Lutz, J. Duchet-Rumeau, N. Godin, F. Smail, F. Lortie, J. F. Gerard, “Ex-PAN carbon fibers vs carbon nanotubes fibers: From conventional epoxy based composites to multiscale composites”, European Polymer Journal, vol. 106, pp. 9–18, 2018.

A. K. Mikitaev, G. V. Kozlov, "The structural model of strength of nanocomposites poly(methyl methacrylate) / functionalized carbon nanotubes", Materials Physics and Mechanics, vol. 24, pp. 187–193, 2015.

A. Mikitaev, G. Kozlov, G. Zaikov, Polymer Nanocomposites: Variety of Structural Forms and Applications. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2008.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/etr2019vol3.4052

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


SCImago Journal & Country Rank