PHYSICO-CHEMICAL FEATURES OF WATERS AND BIOCOENOSIS OF A MEROMICTIC RESERVOIR IN THE YEARS 1981-1998 IN THE LEKNICA REGION (WESTERN POLAND)

Bartlomiej Najbar

Abstract


The research concerned the biggest, the deepest and the youngest (25 years old) acidotrophic reservoir located 4 km south-east from Lqknica. It was created as a result of brown-coal mining and opencast method. The present pyrite was the cause of significant acidifying and salinity of waters. 17 years of physico-chemical examinations of waters showed a progressive difference between mixo- and monimolimnion that is increase or decrease of such indicators as pH, redox potential, total iron, sulphate and others. First symptoms of ageing o f the reservoir were visible. Biological examinations showed pancity of plant and animal species living in this reservoir and a very slow development ofbiocoenosis. The research concerned the biggest, the deepest and the youngest (25 years old) acidotrophic reservoir located 4 km south-east from Lqknica. It was created as a result of brown-coal mining and opencast method. The present pyrite was the cause for significant acidifying and salinity of waters. 17 years of physico-chemical examinations of waters showed a progressive difference between mixo- and monimolimnion that is increase or decrease o f such indicators as pH, redox potential, total iron, sulphate and others. First symptoms of ageing o f the reservoir were visible. Biological examinations showed pancity of plant and animal species living in this reservoir and a very slow development of biocoenosis.

Keywords


post-mining water reservoirs; meromixis; acidotrophic lakes

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ausgewählte Methoden der Wasseruntersuchungen. Methoden zur Bestimmung der Bioaktivität. Chlorophyll. VEB, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena 1970.

Baker, R.A. and Wilshire A.G., 1970. Microbiological Factor in Acid Mine Drainage Formation. A Pilot Plants Study. Envir. Sci.and Technology. 4 (5): 401-407.

Berg, K. and C. Petersen C., 1958. Studies on the humid Acid Lake Gribs. Folia Limnologica Scandinavica No 8.

Carignan, R, 1988. Seasonal dynamics of sulfate hydrogen sulfide near the sediment-water interface of an oligotrophic acid lake. Verh Internat. Verein. Limnol. 23:106-115.

Forsberg, C. and G. Morling, 1988. Examples of changes in water chemistry during lake acidi- and streamers. J. Bacteriol. 101: 973-981. Predominant slime production bacteria and streamers. 101: 982-988.

Galewski, K. andE. Tranda, 1978. Chrzaszcze (Coleoptera). Dytiscidae, Haliplidas, Hygrobidae, Gyrinidae. Fauna slodkowodna Polski. [Cockchafers (Coleoptera) Dytiscidae, Haliplidae, Hygrobidae, Gyrinidae. Freshwater fauna of Poland], z. 10., Warszawa-Poznan, PWN.

Hermanowicz, W., W. Dozahska, J. Dojlido and B. Koziorowski, 1976. Fizyczno-chemiczne badanie wody i scieköw. [Physico-chemical investigation of waters and sewages],Warszawa, Arkady.

Heym, W.D., 1971. Die Vegetationsverhältnisse älterer Bergbau - Restgewässer im westlichen Muskauer Faltenbogen. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz. Bd. 46, Nr. 7; VII/1 - VII/40.

Hutchinson, G.E., 1957. A treatise on limnology. Vol. I. New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., London, Chapman and Hall, Ltd, 1-1015 p.

Jaczewski, T. and A. Wroblewski, 1978. Klucze do oznaczania owadow Polski. Pluskwiaki röznoskrzydle - Heteroptera. [Keys to indication of insects in Poland - Heteropterd. Czçsc VIII, z. 2. Warszawa — Wroclaw, PWN.

Jçdrczak, A., 1992. Sklad chemiczny wöd pojezierza antropogenicznego w Luku Muzakowskim. [The chemical composition of water of „antropogenic lake district”]. Wyd. WSI. Zielona Göra.

Kahl, A., 1931. Urtiere oder Protozoa. Holotricha. Wimpertiere oder Ciliata (Jnfasoria). Die Tierwelt Deutschland 21 Teil. Jena. Verlag G. Fischer.

Kahl, A., 1932. Urtiere oder Protozoa. Spirotricha. Die Tierwelt Deutschland, 25 Teil. Jena. Verlag G. Fischer.

Kahl, A., 1935. Urtiere oder Protozoa. Peritricha, Chonotricha. Die Tierwelt Deutschland, 30 Teil. Jena. Verlag G. Fischer.

Kjensmo, J., 1967. The development and some main features of „iron meromictic” soft water lakes. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 32:137-312.

Langworthy, T,, 1978. Microbial life in extreme pH values. In: Microbial life in extreme enviroments. London Academic Press.

Matejczuk, W., 1986. Charakterystyka ekologiczna zbiomikow wodnych w wyrobiskach poeksptoatacyjnych wçgla brunatnego. [The ecological characteristics of water reservoirs in excavation after coal-brown exploitation]. Ph. D. thesis, Wroclaw Instytut Inzynierii Ochrony Srodowiska Politechniki Wroclawskiej;

Matejczuk, W., 1992. Eunotia exiqua (Breb.) Rabh. jako organizm wskaznikowy acydotrofii jezior burowçglowych. [Eunotia exiqua (Breb.) Rabh as indicated organisms in tlie post-mining reservoirs]. Przyroda Srodkowego Nadodrza. WSP, Zielona G6ra, z. 2:7-18.

Najbar, B., 1996. Biologiczne i chemiczne wskazniki stopnia zeutrofizowania wöd zbiomikow powstalych po eksploatacji wegla brunatnego w okolicach Leknicy, Trzebiela i Tuplic. [Biological and chemical indices of eutrophication degree the waters of reservoirs, generated after brown-coal exploitation in region of Leknica, Trzebiel and Tuplice]. Ph. D. Thesis, Inst. Inz. Ochr. Srod., Politechnika Wroclawska, Wroclaw.

Najbar, B. and A. Jçdrczak, 1998. Stopieh zeutrofizowania wöd zbiomiköw „pojezierza antropogenicznego” [Eutrophication degree of waters of reservoirs of „pojezierze antropogeniczne”]. Politechnika Zielonogörska, Zesz. Nauk. No. 116. Inzynieria Srodowiska. 7: 19-37.

Parsons, J.D., 1964. Comparative limnology of strip-mine lakes. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 15: 292-298.

Pietsch, W., 1965. Die Erstbesidlungs - Vegetation eines Tagebau - Sees. Synökologische Untersuchungen im Lausitzer Braunkohlen- Revier. Limnologica (Berlin) 3,2:177-222.

Popova, T.G., 1966. Jewglenowyje wodorosli (Flora sporowych rastienij SSSR) Moskwa - Leningrad. Izd. Nauka.

Puchalski, W., 1985. Poeksploatacyjne zbiomiki wodne - wstçp do charakterystyki ekologicznej. [The after coal - exploitation water reservoirs - introduction to ecological characteristic]. Wiadomosci ekologiczne. T. XXXI. Z. 1:3-24.

Riley, C.V., 1960. The ecology of water areas associated with coal strip-mined lands in Ohio. Ohio J. Sei. 60; 106— 121.

Romaniszyn, W., 1958. Klucze do oznaczania owadow Polski. Cz. XXVIII Muchöwki - Diptera. Z. 14a: Ochotkowate - Tendipedidae. [Keys to indication of insects of Poland - Diptera], Warszawa, PWN.

Sieminska, I, 1964. Chrysophyta Bacillariophyceae - okrzemki. Flora slodkowodna Polski. [Chrysophyta. Bacillariophyceae. Freshwater flora of Poland]. T. 2, Warszawa, PWN.

Solski, A. and A. Jçdrczak, 1990. Ionic composition of waters of the „anthropogenic lake district”. Pol. Arch. Hydrob. No. 37. 3: 371-382.

Solski, A. and A. Jçdrczak, 1991a. Meromixis in acidotrophic reservoirs of „anthropogenic lake district”. Pol. Arch. Hydrob. No. 38. 3/4: 327-346.

Solski, A. and A. Jçdrczak, 1991b. Forms of iron in waters of acidotrophic - meromictic reservoirs of „anthropogenic lake district”. Pol. Arch. Hydrob. No. 38.3/4:315-326.

Starmach, K., 1955. Metody badania planktonu. [The methods of plankton investigations]. PWRiL, Warszawa.

Starmach, K, 1966. Cyanophyta - Sinke, Glaucophyta - glaukofity (Flora slodkowodna Polski, Tom - 2) Warszawa, PWN.

Starmach, K., 1972. Chlorophyta - zielenice nitkowate. Flora slodkowodna Polski. [Chlorophyta. Freshwater flora of Poland], T, 10 Warszawa - Krakow, PWN.

Walker, K.F., 1974. The stability of meromictic lakes in central Washington. Limnol. Oceanogr., 19: 209-222.

Walker, K.F. and G.E. Likens, 1975. Meromixis and reconsidered typology of lake circulation patterns. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19: 442-458.

Walsh, F. and R. Mitschell, 1972. A pH-dependent succesion of iron bacteria. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 6 (19): 809-912.

Viriberg, G., 1960. Pervicnaja produkeija vodoiemov. Minsk. Izd. Akad. Nauk BSSR.

Yoshimura, S., 1933. Kata-numa, a veiy strong acid-water lake on Volcano Katanuma, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Arch. Hydrob., 26,197-202.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/etr2001vol1.1943

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.