. Herdian, Nadia Dwi Suci Ningtyas Putri


The COVID-19 pandemic is still being felt until September 2021 in several countries around the world. We examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, especially on unethical behavior during online learning—other phenomena such as ego depletion trigger academic dishonesty behavior that occurs. A total of 92 students participated in this research. The measurement tool uses the ego depletion scale and the academic dishonesty scale. The results show that ego depletion is a significant predictor of academic dishonesty. The contribution of ego depletion to academic dishonesty is 16.3%. Ego fatigue makes students choose an easier academic path, which they feel has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. So that the behavior of academic dishonesty increases. The implications and research suggestions are discussed in detail.


ego depletion, academic dishonesty, pandemic COVID-19, online learning, students college, cheating, plagiarism

Full Text:



AlHarbi, B., Ibrahim, K., Al-Rababaah, J., & Al-mehsin, S. (2021). The Ego Depletion and Its Relationship with the Future Anxiety among the University Female Students. International Journal of Higher Education, 10(2), 128–139.

Ampuni, S., Kautsari, N., Maharani, M., Kuswardani, S., & Buwono, S. B. S. (2019). Academic Dishonesty in Indonesian College Students: an Investigation from a Moral Psychology Perspective. Journal of Academic Ethics.

Banker, S., Ainsworth, S. E., Baumeister, R. F., Ariely, D., & Vohs, K. D. (2017). The Sticky Anchor Hypothesis: Ego Depletion Increases Susceptibility to Situational Cues. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30(5), 1027–1040.

Baumeister, R. F., Bratslavsky, E., Muraven, M., & Tice, D. M. (1998). Ego depletion: Is the active self a limited resource? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(5), 1252–1265.

Brimble, M., & Stevenson-Clarke, P. (2005). Perceptions of the prevalence and seriousness of academic dishonesty in Australian universities. Australian Educational Researcher, 32(3), 19–44.

Charubusp, S. (2015). Plagiarism in the perception of Thai students and teachers. Asian EFL Journal.

Chaturvedi, K., Vishwakarma, D. K., & Singh, N. (2021). COVID-19 and its impact on education, social life and mental health of students: A survey. Children and Youth Services Review, 121, 105866.

Dang, J. (2018). An updated meta-analysis of the ego-depletion effect. In Psychological Research (Vol. 82, Issue 4, pp. 645–651). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Do Ba, K., Do Ba, K., Lam, Q. D., Le, D. T. B. A., Nguyen, P. L., Nguyen, P. Q., & Pham, Q. L. (2017). Student plagiarism in higher education in Vietnam: an empirical study. Higher Education Research and Development, 36(5), 934–946.

Drissi, N., Alhmoudi, A., Al Nuaimi, H., Alkhyeli, M., Alsalami, S., & Ouhbi, S. (2020). Investigating the Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on the Psychological Health of University Students and Their Attitudes Toward Mobile Mental Health Solutions: Two-Part Questionnaire Study. JMIR Form Res, 4(10), e19876.

Gino, F., Schweitzer, M. E., Mead, N. L., & Ariely, D. (2011). Unable to resist temptation: How self-control depletion promotes unethical behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 115(2), 191–203.

Gissubel, K., Beiramar, A., & Freire, T. (2018). The ego-depletion effect on undergraduate university students: A systematic review. Motivation and Emotion, 42(3), 334–347.

Green, S. P. (2004). Cheating. Law and Philosophy, 23(2), 137–185.

Griebeler, M. D. C. (2017). Friendship and in-class academic dishonesty. Economics Letters, 150, 1–3.

Hendy, N. T., & Montargot, N. (2019). Understanding Academic dishonesty among business school students in France using the theory of planned behavior. International Journal of Management Education.

Herdian, H., & Chen, Q. (2021). Mental Health in the Elderly during the Pandemic in Indonesia. Journal of Clinical & Developmental Psychology.

Herdian, H., & Mildaeni, I. N. (2021). Academic Stress On Muslim Students In Indonesia: Study On Online Learning. Revista EDUCARE-UPEL-IPB-Segunda Nueva Etapa 2.0, 25(1), 224–239.

Herdian, H., Mildaeni, I. N., & Wahidah, F. R. (2021). “There are Always Ways to Cheat” Academic Dishonesty Strategies During Online Learning. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 2(2), 60–67.

Hurley, P. J. (2019). Ego Depletion and Auditors’ JDM Quality. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 77, 1–41.

Ismail, S., & Yussof, S. H. (2016). Cheating behaviour among accounting students: some Malaysian evidence. Accounting Research Journal, 29(1).

Javed, A. (2020). Predicting the Underlying Factors of Academic Dishonesty by University Students: A Case Study. SSRN Electronic Journal.

Kaparounaki, C. K., Patsali, M. E., Mousa, D.-P. V, Papadopoulou, E. V. K., Papadopoulou, K. K. K., & Fountoulakis, K. N. (2020). University students’ mental health amidst the COVID-19 quarantine in Greece. In Psychiatry research (Vol. 290, p. 113111).

Keller, T., Kiss, H. J., & Szamado, S. (2020). Cheating in Primary School : Experimental Evidence on Ego- Depletion and Individual Factors. Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, 1–37.

Khan, I. U., Khalid, A., Hasnain, S. A., Ullah, S., Ali, N., & Zealand, N. (2019). The Impact of Religiosity and Spirituality on Academic Dishonesty of Students in Pakistan. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences.

Kibler, W. L. (1993). Academic Dishonesty: A Student Development Dilemma. NASPA Journal, 30(4), 252–267.

Lahur, A. (2004). Plagiarism among Asian students at an Australian university offshore campus: Is it a cultural issue? A pilot study. Proceedings of the HERDSA Conference.

Marelli, S., Castelnuovo, A., Somma, A., Castronovo, V., Mombelli, S., Bottoni, D., Leitner, C., Fossati, A., & Ferini-Strambi, L. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on sleep quality in university students and administration staff. Journal of Neurology, 268(1), 8–15.

McCabe, D. L., & Trevino, L. K. (1993). Academic dishonesty: Honor codes and other contextual influences. Academic Ethics, 1546(July), 545–562.

Miller, A. D., Murdock, T. B., & Grotewiel, M. M. (2017). Addressing Academic Dishonesty Among the Highest Achievers. Theory into Practice, 56(2), 121–128.

Oehring, D. (2020). Prayer as a Potential Buffer Against Ego Depletion [Georgia Southern University].

Onu, D. U., Onyedibe, M. C. C., Ugwu, L. E., & Nche, G. C. (2019). Relationship between religious commitment and academic dishonesty: is self-efficacy a factor? Ethics and Behavior.

Oran, N. T., Can, H. O., Senol, S., & Hadimli, A. P. (2015). Academic dishonesty among health science school students. Nursing Ethics.

Pavela, G. (1997). Applying the power of association on campus: A model code of academic integrity. JC & UL, 24, 97.

Price, D. A., & Yates, G. C. R. (2010). Ego depletion effects on mathematics performance in primary school students: why take the hard road? Educational Psychology, 30(3), 269–281.

Punjab, P., Quraishi, U., & Aziz, F. (2017). Academic Dishonesty at the Higher Education Level in. In JRRE.

Rawwas, M. Y. A., al-Khatib, J. A., & Vitell, S. J. (2004). Academic Dishonesty: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of U.S. and Chinese Marketing Students. Journal of Marketing Education, 26(1), 89–100.

Ruffle, B. J., & Tobol, Y. (2017). Clever enough to tell the truth. Experimental Economics, 20(1), 130–155.

Ruipérez, G., & García-Cabrero, J. C. (2016). Plagiarism and academic integrity in Germany. Comunicar, 24(48), 9–17.

Shalevska, E. (n.d.). Cheating And Academic Dishonesty And Covid-19 Distance Learning2. Bitola, May 2021, Vol. 21, 18.

Siaputra, I. B. (2013). The 4PA of plagiarism: A psycho-academic profile of plagiarists. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 9(2).

Stone, T. H., Jawahar, I. M., & Kisamore, J. L. (2010). Predicting academic misconduct intentions and behavior using the theory of planned behavior and personality. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 32(1), 35–45.

Thomas, D. (2017). Factors That Explain Academic Dishonesty Among University Students in Thailand. Ethics and Behavior, 27(2), 140–154.

Undarwati, A., Mahabati, A., Khaerani, andewi cahaya, Hapsari, ayu dyah, Kristanto, andreas agung, Stephany, endah sasmitohening, & Prawitasari, johana endang. (2017). Pengukuran Ego Depletion Berbasis Indigenous Psychology. Intuisi Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah, 9(1), 26–38.

Vonasch, A. J., Vohs, K. D., Pocheptsova Ghosh, A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2017). Ego Depletion Induces Mental Passivity: Behavioral Effects Beyond Impulse Control. Motivation Science, 3(4), 321–336.

Wang, C., & Zhao, H. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on anxiety in Chinese university students. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1168.

Zhang, Z., Xiao, H., Zhang, L., & Zheng, J. (2021). Linking Cyberbullying to Job Strain: Roles of Ego Depletion and Self-Efficacy. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 1–18.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

This journal is distributed with an international license:

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Online ISSN 2661-5401