THE ROLE OF FOREIGN TERRORIST FIGHTERS PROFILING METHODOLOGY

Juris Madžuls

Abstract


The terrorist attacks have highlighted the importance of threats in the cross border dimension in regards to the identification of terrorists, the monitoring of ‘subjects of interest’ and other terrorism-related actors. The essence of research is determined by the dramatic increase of number of terrorists who perpetrated terrorist attacks and had used all available modes of transport, including legal and irregular options for crossing borders. The aim of the paper is to provide assistance in establishing/strengthening identification and profiling mechanisms in order to better distinguish among different categories of persons. The task of the paper is to analyse risk indicators provided by General Secretariat and compare them with European Border and Coast Guard Agency’s developed risk indicators in order to provide a support instrument (methodology for the profiling and identification of the foreign terrorist fighters (hereinafter – FTF) (hereinafter – the Methodology) for risk assessment performed at national level. In order to provide additional support for law enforcement agencies (especially for border guards) the author of the paper will come up with a range of recommendations. Main conclusion: At the national level, it is necessary to develop the Methodology of the FTF. Taking into account Methodology, it is possible to develop a system of risk indicators and apply them in practice to prevent irregular migration, trafficking in human beings etc. Primary methods: content analysis, multidimensional measurement and factor analysis. Achieved results: recommendations made by the author of the paper will improve the border check procedures regarding identification of FTF.

Keywords


border crossing point; foreign terrorist fighters; indicators; methodology; profiling

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References


Resolution 2178 of United Nations Security Council of September 2014 on Foreign Terrorist Fighters, from http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/2178%20%282014%29

S/2018/14/Rev.1 – Twenty-first report of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team submitted pursuant to resolution 2368 (2017) concerning ISIL (Da’esh), Al-Qaida and associated individuals and entities, from https://www.un.org/sc/ctc/news/document/s-2018-14-rev-1-twenty-first-report-analytical-support-sanctions-monitoring-team-submitted-pursuant-resolution-2368-2017-concerning-isil-daesh-al-qaida-associated-ind/

S/2017/573 – Twentieth report of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team submitted pursuant to resolution 2253 (2015) concerning ISIL (Da’esh), Al-Qaida and associated individuals and entities, from https://www.un.org/sc/ctc/news/document/s2017573-twentieth-report-analytical-support-sanctions-monitoring-team-submitted-pursuant-resolution-2253-2015-concerning-isil-daesh-al-qaida-associated-individuals-ent/

FRONTEX. (2018). Operationalisation of Common Risk Indicators. Travelling terorists and other ‘subjects of interest’ – Empowering border – control authorities to make better informed decisions, p. 42.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/bsm.v2i7.3485

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