COUNTERACTION TO INVESTIGATION AND WAYS TO ITS OVERCOMING

Igors Trofimovs

Abstract


The problem of counteraction to investigation has recently gained particular topicality. . This is due to the fact that the activities of organized criminality are gaining  and larger range,   an essential reason of which, in its turn, are the processes of  the personnel corruptibility of the power structures and law enforcement institutions.

The basis of the people’s lifestyle of the adherent to the criminal environment is to put obstacles in the way of law enforcement institutions in general; and during their lifetime, because of specific mentality, criminals always and willingly put into practice various forms and methods of counteractions. As investigative practice shows, counteraction to investigation may go on during the lifetime of the counteraction performer; it may begin also in the preparation phase of a crime, or may begin or continue during investigation, trial, and even during the time of serving sentence.

The purpose of this study is to clarify the essence of the counteraction concept to investigation.

As a result of the study and based on the theoretical knowledge, the most important conclusion has been drawn, namely: the counteraction to investigation is an action or inaction executed on premeditated purpose to hinder or even to stop the full, objective and comprehensive clarification of the offense circumstances by the investigating authorities and courts. In the course of the study, the problems were also identified, and the means and methods of overcoming the counteraction to investigation were offered.

The prevention of counteraction to investigations, identification of its motives, forecasting of counteraction forms and methods of its implementation both – at the initial period of the investigation and during the implementation of investigation activities are a part of the necessary provisions for successful neutralization of counteraction, for unmasking of counteraction performers’ activities. It is also a compulsory provision for objective, detailed and complete clarifications of all circumstances of offence, providing in this way a fair punishment for guilty persons.

The application of countermeasures requires an understanding of the methods and techniques used by law enforcement authorities in investigation of criminal networks. Insufficient prevention and overcoming of counteractions to investigations is one of the reasons of qualitative and quantitative aggravation of the performance parameters of law enforcement authorities.


Keywords


counteraction; investigation; criminality; prevention; methods; techniques

Full Text:

PDF

References


Organizētās noziedzības grupas (OCG) un citi noziedznieki. Europol. – Pieejams: https://www.europol.europa.eu/socta/2017/organised-crimegroups.html, [skatīts 1.07.2019.].

Kavalieris A. (2002). Pretdarbības izmeklēšanai, tās prevencijas un neitralizācijas izpētes nepieciešamība. Administratīvā un Kriminālā Justīcija, Nr.4, ISSN 1407-2971, 8. lpp.

Bāliņa R., Ēdelmane I., Guļevska D. u.c. (2006). Latviešu valodas vārdnīca. – Rīga: Avots, ISBN-9984-757-79-X, 875. lpp.

Vārdnīcas latviešu valodā. – https://www.vardnica.lv/svesvardu-vardnica/p/ pretdarbiba [aplūkots 5.01.2019.].

Egidess A. (2006). Saskarsmes labirinti: kā iemācīties sadzīvot ar cilvēkiem. – Rīga, Jumava, ISBN 9984-382-16-8, 110. lpp.

Аверьянова Т.В., Белкин Р.С., Корухов Ю.Г. и др. (2000). Криминалистика. Учебник для вузов. – Москвa, НОРМА, ISBN 5-89123-302-9, 717 c.

Konovalovs J., Lācīte A. (2006). Pretdarbība izmeklēšanai: būtība, formas un veidi. LPA Raksti. Nr.13. – Rīga: LPA, ISBN 1407-2998, 47. lpp.

Krastiņš U., Liholaja V., Niedre A. (2007). Krimināllikuma zinātniski praktiskais komentārs 3. – Rīga: „AFS”, ISBN 978-9984-787-33-6, 375.-378. lpp.

Konovalovs J., Lācīte A. (2006). Pretdarbība izmeklēšanai: būtība, formas un veidi. LPA Raksti. Nr.13. – Rīga: LPA , ISBN 1407-2998, 48. lpp.

Kavalieris A., Birmans U., Heinens B. u.c. (2005). Kriminālistiskā metodika. Mācību grāmata. Kriminālistika III daļa. – Rīga: „P&Ko”, ISBN 9984-65566-0, 14. lpp.

Konovalovs J., Lācīte A. (2006). Pretdarbība izmeklēšanai: būtība, formas un veidi. LPA Raksti. Nr.13. – Rīga: LPA , ISBN 1407-2998, 47. lpp.

Kavalieris A., Birmans U., Heinens B. u.c. (2005). Kriminālistiskā metodika. Mācību grāmata. Kriminālistika III daļa. – Rīga: „P&Ko”, ISBN 9984-65566-0, 16. lpp.

Konovalovs J., Lācīte A. (2009). Inscenējums kā pretdarbības veids noziegumu izmeklēšanai. LPA Raksti. Nr.16, Rīga, 67. lpp.

Virsprokurors: sūdzība par manipulācijām ar pierādījumiem un to viltošanu ir pretdarbība kriminālprocesam. Pietiek. 2015. Pieejams: https://pietiek.org/ raksti/virsprokurors_sudziba_par_manipulacijam_ar_pieradijumiem_un_to_ viltosanu_ir_pretdarbiba_kriminalprocesam, [skatīts 7.08.2019.].

Tiesa apcietina atstādināto bērnunama «Līkumi» direktoru Juri Boķi. Diena. 2018. Pieejams: https://www.diena.lv/raksts/latvija/zinas/raidijums-tiesaapcietina-atstadinato-bernunama-_likumi_-direktoru-juri-boki-14191270 [skatīts 7.08.2019.].

Deputāta imunitāte. Būtība un samērīgums. Pieejams: https://lvportals.lv/ norises/254616-deputata-imunitate-butiba-un-samerigums-2013 [skatīts 11.08.2019.]. EP deputāta statuss Ušakovam un Amerikam nodrošinātu līdzīgu imunitāti kā Saeimas deputātiem. Pieejams: https://www.tvnet.lv/6532704/ ep-deputata-statuss-usakovam-un-amerikam-nodrosinatu-lidzigu-imunitatika-saeimas-deputatiem [skatīts 11.08.2019.].

Krimināllikums. Latvijas Republikas likums. Pieņemts Latvijas Republikas Saeimā 08.07.1998. Spēkā no 01.04.1999., ar grozījumiem, kas izsludināti līdz 30.06.2019. Latvijas Vēstnesis, Nr. 130 (6469)., 316. p.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/acj.v3i88.4307

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Administrative and Criminal Justice



This journal is distributed with an international license:

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License